Though there has been talk of change for years, the rules surrounding Veterans Aid & Attendance have remained the same until recently the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) announced a few weeks ago that it was making big changes that would take place in less than 30 days.
The VA has finalized new rules that make it more difficult to qualify for VA Pension (i.e. Aid & Attendance) to pay for long-term care benefits. The rules establish an asset limit, a look-back period, and an asset transfer penalties for those applying for VA pension benefits.
The VA offers Aid and Attendance to low-income veterans (or their spouses) who are in nursing homes or who need help at home or in assisted living with everyday tasks like dressing or bathing. Aid and Attendance provides money to those who need assistance.
Currently, to be eligible for Aid and Attendance a veteran (or the veteran’s surviving spouse) must meet certain income and asset limits. The asset limits aren’t specified, but $80,000 is the amount usually considered the maximum asset limit to qualify for the benefit. However, unlike with the Medicaid program, there historically have been no penalties if an applicant divests him- or herself of assets before applying. That is, before now you could transfer assets over the VA’s limit before applying for benefits and the transfers would not affect eligibility.
Not so anymore. The new regulations set a net worth limit of $123,600, which is the current maximum amount of assets (in 2018) that a Medicaid applicant’s spouse is allowed to retain. But in the case of the VA, this number will include both the applicant’s assets and income. It will be indexed to inflation in the same way that Social Security increases. An applicant’s house and up to a two-acre lot will not count as an asset even if the applicant is currently living in a nursing home. Applicants will also be able to deduct medical expenses – now including payments to assisted and independent living facilities, as a result of the new rules – from their income.
The regulations also establish a three-year look-back provision. Applicants will have to disclose all financial transactions they were involved in for three years before the application. Applicants who transferred assets to put themselves below the net worth limit within three years of applying for benefits will be subject to a penalty period that can last as long as five years. This penalty is a period of time during which the person who transferred assets is not eligible for VA benefits. There are exceptions to the penalty period for fraudulent transfers and for transfers to a trust for a child who is unable to “self-support.”
Under the new rules, the VA will determine a penalty period in months by dividing the amount transferred that would have put the applicant over the net worth limit by the maximum annual pension rate (MAPR) for a veteran with one dependent in need of aid and attendance. For example, assume the net worth limit is $123,600 and an applicant has a net worth of $115,000. The applicant transferred $30,000 to a friend during the look-back period. If the applicant had not transferred the $30,000, his net worth would have been $145,000, which exceeds the net worth limit by $21,400. The penalty period will be calculated based on $21,400, the amount the applicant transferred that put his assets over the net worth limit (145,000-123,600).
The new rules go into effect on October 18, 2018. The VA will disregard asset transfers made before that date, so applicants may still have time to get through the process before the new rules are in place.
Obviously, these rule changes are complex. Veterans or their spouses who think they may be affected by the new rules should contact a VA-accredited attorney immediately.
To read the new regulations, click here.
For more information about veterans’ benefits, click here.